Waste in the World
It is estimated that 1,3 billion tons of food which is equivalent to US $ 1 trillion is wasted globally per year in our world where 805 million people are suffering from undernourishment (that is the 11,3 % of the world population and 13,5 % of the developing countries population) and approximately 10 millions of people are dying from hunger and malnutrition every year.
According to Food And Agriculture Organization of The United Nations (FAO), amount of food wasted or losted is one third of the world food production.
By only reducing one forth of the total waste in the world, the food requirement of the 805 million people, who are undernourished, could be met.
Annual waste of food is 95-115 kg per person in European and North American Countries, whereas this is 6-11 kg in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern and Southern East Asia
Equivalent of food waste and lost is 680 billion $ in devoloped countries whereas this is 310 billion $ in devoloping countries.
Despite 80% of water resources, 50% of the total land, 10% of the energy budget are used for producing food, %40 of food produced are wasted or losted. Wasting food has increased %50 in the last 40 years. One out of every six person has trouble in accessing food in the USA. By only reducing %15 of the waste, the food requirement of the 25 million people, who are faced with hunger, could be met.
Equivalent of food waste and lost on the food chain from farm to fork is 27 billion ABD $ in Canada. This figure is equal to approximately %40 of total food produce whereas it is equivalent to %2 of gross domestic product of Canada. This figure is more than the total gross domestic product of the poorest thirty-two cuntries at the same time.
Annually 89 million tons food (per capita 176 kg) which are equal to 11.4 million € are wasted in European Union. It is aimed to reduce %50 of this quantity till the year of 2025. %42 of the total food wasting is in household, %39 of wasting is on production stage, %14 of wasting is on food servise sector (catering) and %5 of it is wasted by wholesalers or retailers.
According to the European Commission’s findings of 2010, annual bread production of EU is 32 million tons whereas total consumption is 22.5 million tons (per person approximately 50 kg). In light of these data, approximately %30 of total bread production in EU is wasted.
According to the report published by UK Ministery of Environment Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) in July 27th, 2010, it is stated that %15 of the total food and beverages which were bought and %32 of bread was wasted.
According to UK Waste and Resources Action Programme (WRAP), it is calculated that annual wasting of bakery products is 680.000 tons and it costs 1.1 billion pound (approximately 1.8 billions US $). Total food and beverages waste and losts 8.3 million tons in England. 5.3 million tons of this amount are at a preventable level.
%10 of annual bread production in Austria (annual 70 thousands tons) is wasted and this amount of waste is equal to 1 million Australians’ annual consumption.
According to German Agriculture Ministry, 11 million tons food are wasted in every year in Germany. %60 of wasting is in household, %20 of it is on salesroom, %17 of wasting is on restaurants and cafes. 81.6 kg food are wasted every year per person and 53 kg of it is avoidable waste.
Production of cereals are 158 kg per person whereas actual consumption is 94 kg in Italy. So approximately %40 of production is wasted or losted.
40% of food which is trashed in developed countries, is actually eatable.
Developed countries waste approximately 222 million tons eatable food. This amount is equal to almost the total annual food production of sub-Saharan African countries.
The reasons for the loss of food in developing countries is different. In poor countries, 40% of the harvest is wasted due to limitations in storage space and transportation when it is conveyed to the farm to consumers. In addition, losses occur in the step of processing and packaging of product.
In developing countries, 150 million tons of wheat annually is wasted. This loss is equal to the six times the amount of wheat what hunger in all poor countries can be eliminated.